Bunion & Forefoot Pain

Bunions (Hallux-Abducto-Valgus or HAV for short) are extremely common. They are characterised by a bump or bony prominence on the inside of the big toe joint. The big toe leans toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight ahead. This throws the bones out of alignment and results in the commonly seen bump (the Bunion itself). Bunions can cause other pains in and around the Forefoot. You can find out more about other causes of Forefoot Pain on this page.

Illustration of Bunion & Forefoot Pain

Common causes

Bunions are primarily genetic. Many people believe that they appear as a result of wearing high heeled or narrow footwear. However whilst footwear may aggravate Bunions it does not necessarily cause them. Whilst Bunions are genetic you do not 'inherit' the Bunion itself, but the foot type that is more prone to developing a Bunion.

Flat, unstable footwear can be just as problematic for Bunions as high heeled footwear.

Common symptoms

Painful symptoms are usually located at the site of the Bunion itself:

  • Pain or soreness
  • Inflammation or redness
  • A burning sensation
  • Possible numbness
  • Footwear rubbing on the Bunion

Symptoms occur most often when wearing shoes that crowd the toes, such as shoes with a tight toe box or high heels. This may explain why some women are more likely to have symptoms than men. In addition, spending long periods of time on your feet can aggravate the symptoms of Bunions.

Other common forefoot conditions

What our patients say

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